The manual was published subsequent to the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, though the latter is still published as a guide for identifying unknown bacteria. First published in 1923 by David Hendricks Bergey, it is used to classify bacteria based on their structural and functional attributes by arranging them into specific familial orders. However, this process has become more empirical in recent years.
The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea is a derived publication indexing taxon names from version two of the manual. It used to be available for free from the Bergey's manual trust website until September 2018. Michigan State University provides an alternative version that indexes NamesforLife records.
The manual classifies bacteria on the basis of their functional and structural attributes and arranges the organisms into familial orders. In recent years, empirical evidence has also been considered in this classification.
In the current 9th edition, the manual is designed for identification of bacteria that is very different from the previous editions. In this edition, the bacteria are divided into 35 groups in the four major divisions.
Once you think you know your group number (or you have a few possibilities) go to the pages for your group within the manual. From there, you should find more information to help you make a final determination that you have the right group. You might also consult the information below to help you find the best tables to make a final determination about your unknown's group number:
The first edition of Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, which came out in four volumes from 1984 through 1989, attempted to organize bacterial species according to known phylogenetic relationships, an approach that continued with a second edition, published in five volumes from 2001 through 2012. The organization of Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology makes it impractical for helping place unknown bacteria into major taxa, but it contains far more detail on the families, genera, and species and is far more up to date than the Determinative manual. You will need to consult this information in order to double check and finalize your identifications.
We have enough copies of the physical manual to issue one copy per team of three or four students. We will require a $40 refundable deposit to cover loss of the volume if it is not returned. Please read the rest of this page after your team has obtained its copy.
The primary purpose of this five volume set to provide detailed information on bacterial classification and detailed characteristics of taxa and species. The volumes are organized according to molecular classification systems including 16s RNA sequences rather than by phenotypic characteristics, making them of little use in systematically identifying isolates. The manual will, however, be very valuable for obtaining detailed information once you have narrowed your search.
If your genus/species is not listed in the index at all, then either you are in the wrong volume, your species has been reassigned to a new genus, or both. Based upon what we have learned about phylogenetic relationships since the 1994 publication of the last Determinative volume, many species have been reassigned to different genera and whole new genera created. If there has been a name change then a Google search should turn up the information you need in order to find the Bergey's volume and listing. For example, in the Determinative manual, under Group 17 Gram-Positive Cocci, you will find the genus Micrococcus. Some species under Micrococcus have been reassigned to Kocuria.
Any discussion dealing with bacterial (prokaryotic) classification cannot go without a thorough acquaintance with this manual. Each chapter of this treatise, written by an expert, contains tables, figures, and other systematic information useful for identification of bacteria.
O manual é o sucessor do Manual of Determinative Bacteriology publicado por Chester em 1899 e 1901. Foi publicado pela primeira vez em 1923 por David Hendricks Bergey, que classificou as bactérias conhecidas em tribos, famílias e ordens, baseado em diversos parâmetros, incluindo atributos estruturais e funcionais. Entretanto, esse processo se tornou muito empírico e foi substituído por análise de sequências genéticas. 2b1af7f3a8